There are a wide variety of other stonewares that were not salt-glazed. These include dry-bodied wares (i.e. without any glaze) as well as ‘smear-glazed’ (or ‘vapour-glazed’) wares. Stoneware bodies may also be glazed with lower temperature clear earthenware glazes. These other stonewares were often made with coloured clay bodies, including blue, red, green, yellow and drab, as well as many others. The colours either occuring naturally as in the case of red stoneware or through the addition of metal oxides into the clay body.
Caneware is a yellow-bodied stoneware which was developed by Wedgwood in the 1770’s. It usually was dry-bodied but later on also occurs with a clear lead glaze. Red stoneware (often erroneously called ‘Elers ware’, after the Dutch Brothers who produced red stoneware in Staffordshire at the end of the C17th) was later produced in Staffordshire and elsewhere from the mid-C18th onwards and is often engine-turned post-1763.
During the C19th a huge variety of moulded wares (especially jugs) were made with coloured stoneware bodies.
Another distinct type of stoneware was the so-called ‘Bristol glaze’ ware. This used a glaze which included zinc oxide to replace the polluting salt-glaze and poisonous lead glazes. These Bristol glaze wares are often confused with salt-glaze as they look superficially similar.